San Sau


The term San Sau is used in many styles of traditional Chinese Kun Fu. The first word "San" means "mix, mix" and the second "Sau" means "hands". Together, they refer to fighting techniques with hands that help the understanding and application of the martial aspects of Tai Chi Chuan. These techniques are a sequence of martial applications derived from normal shape and arranged in a predetermined choreography for two or more. Today, it is called "Dui da" meaning whole fight. If two people are involved, it adds the word "two" and one says "Seung Yan Dui da" and so on. 


In the Yang style Tai Chi Chuan, there is a San Sau or Seung Yan Dui Da. Only a small number of schools in Tai Chi Chuan teaches the original period; recently, however, a number of schools have created their own San Sau. Traditionally, this exercise is taught only competent practitioners in the long form, push hands and your read. This is an important aspect of exercises to practice energy

experiential partner practice such as push hands, ta lu or martial applications.

San sau is an advanced dynamic pre-arranged training drill of attack and counter attack moves. It is a fluid, rhythmical set of hands, legs and body movements performed between two practitioners who are in partnership with one another. It emphasises on the martial application of Chi based on the movements and postures drawn from the form incorporating the same principles and concepts as applied within the forms. It requires you to work in cooperation with another so as to refine and polish your skills further in internalising Tai Chi Chuan principles for martial applications. San sau is applied Tai Chi Chuan in which Tai Chi principles are ‘put into action’ - something that cannot be achieved by practising the forms alone.
This San sau set demands interaction, co-operation and trust between the two practitioners. It also requires a willingness to concede part of yourself to your partner in order to gain its full benefits. Each practitioner is involved in constantly testing each other’s structure, stability and
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